The other day, I was heading onto my deck to prepare it for an upcoming party when I noticed that my three-year-old deck stain was starting to fade. Once I saw the uneven color, it was the only thing on my mind. I immediately started trying to figure out how often to stain my deck.
In most cases, you should stain your previously stained deck every two to three years. The exact timing depends on several factors. For example, local temperatures, rainfall amounts, and other climate conditions play a role in the equation. The type of stain you used last also matters.
In this article, you will learn how often to stain your deck to keep it in the best possible shape. If you want to get the timing right, here’s what you need to know.
- How Often Should You Stain Your Deck?
- Signs It’s Time to Restain Your Deck
- How Long Does a Stain Last on a Deck?
- Can You Stain a Deck Too Often?
- Should You Restain Your Deck Even If It Looks Fine?
- How Many Times Can You Restain a Deck?
How Often Should You Stain Your Deck?
If you have a previously stained deck, you’ll need to restain it regularly to maintain the protective layer and slow any wear and tear. On average, you’ll want to stain your deck every two to three years. However, the exact pace depends on several factors.
First, you need to factor in weather conditions. High-humidity or high-rainfall locations may make more frequent staining a must. Stain washes away faster in wet regions, so you need to restain to buff up the protection and prevent mold and mildew.
In areas of the country that are incredibly hot and dry, stain also breaks down faster. Prolonged exposure to UV rays from the sun leads to issues like dry rot, peeling, and cracking. As a result, restaining more often is usually essential.
Second, the type of stain you used last is part of the equation. The more transparent the stain, the faster the stain wears aware. As a result, you’ll need to restain more frequently if you’re using a transparent stain than if you choose a solid or semi-transparent stain.
Whether you seal your deck after staining also matters. Sealing the deck adds UV protection and water resistance, reducing the speed at which the stain wears away. In some cases, it could make restaining unnecessary for longer than three years, though you would have to reseal your deck every two years to maintain the coating.
Finally, how much you use your deck matters. If it’s a high-traffic area, the stain wears away faster than if you rarely use the space. As a result, the stain doesn’t last as long, making more frequent restaining a must.
Signs It’s Time to Restain Your Deck
If you aren’t sure when your deck was last stained or are concerned about the condition, looking for signs that it’s time to restain is wise. Fortunately, many are pretty evident at a glance, making it easier to make the right decision.
Here are some signs that it’s time to restain your deck.
One of the most apparent signs that it’s time to stain your deck again is fading color. Fading color can occur for several reasons, ranging from classic wear-and-tear to long-term exposure to sunlight.
Regardless of the cause, fading color means the stain breaks down significantly. As a result, restaining is a must to restore protection and improve the look of your deck.
Even if the color isn’t fading, discoloration of any type indicates that restaining your deck is a wise choice. Dark spots could mean moisture penetrating the surface or mold and mildew are growing. Cloudiness or shifts in the hue – such as some areas looking browner, yellower, or redder than the rest – is also potentially a sign of problems with your stain.
You can often determine if the discoloration is an issue by cleaning your deck. If the discolored areas come off during cleaning and don’t return quickly, then surface dust or dirt could be responsible. However, restaining the deck is potentially necessary if it returns in the same spots relatively speedily or doesn’t come off.
Staining your deck helps prevent water from soaking into the material. Instead, when properly stained, the water may bead and run off, reducing the odds of water damage.
If water starts absorbing into your deck boards, the stain no longer provides moisture protection. As a result, you’ll want to restain to restore the protective layer and prevent water damage from occurring.
Mildew or Mold
Mold and mildew are both signs of a high-moisture environment. When they appear on your deck, that suggests that the boards are absorbing excess moisture, creating conditions for mildew or mold to grow. As a result, you’ll need to restain your deck soon to prevent water damage or harm caused by mold and mildew.
However, you’ll also need to clean and sanitize your deck before restaining. Otherwise, mold or mildew could remain on the wood, which isn’t ideal.
Peeling and Flaking
In most cases, deck stain peels or flakes because it was either applied too thickly the last time or it didn’t adhere properly. In either case, the stain isn’t adequately protecting your wood deck. Since the stain is coming off, moisture can penetrate the wood in those areas if you don’t restain.
With peeling and flaking stain, you may need to sand before staining again. That removes any stain that isn’t adhering correctly, giving you a fresh surface for the next coat.
How Long Does a Stain Last on a Deck?
How long a deck stain lasts varies depending on the type. Typically, the more transparent the stain, the shorter its lifespan, as the coating is usually thinner. Here’s an overview of how long a stain lasts on a deck based on the type.
Solid deck stain is an alternative to paint, giving your deck a uniform, opaque coating that covers the grain. It’s typically available in shades that match popular wood colors, though you can often find other hues.
Unlike paint, which essentially encapsulates the wood, solid stain absorbs into the boards. Since the resulting coating is thick, it offers higher durability than other types of deck stain.
While the lifespan varies, solid deck stain may hold up to 10 years. However, if you’re in a high-humidity area, a region where harsh weather is common, or a part of the country with significant amounts of sun and high temperatures, you’ll need to restain more often.
With a semi-transparent deck stain, you get some color without fully covering the grain and texture. They’re also more breathable than solid stains, which is beneficial in some environments.
Semi-transparent stain isn’t as durable as a solid stain. While the lifespan does vary, it won’t typically last longer than four years, even if you choose a high-end version. Additionally, restaining every three years is a must for most parts of the country or if you use your deck frequently to maintain the protection.
Typically, transparent deck stain is either clear or subtly tinted, making it a better choice if you want to let the natural beauty of the wood shine through. However, transparent deck stain is the least durable of all options.
Even under ideal weather conditions, you shouldn’t expect a transparent deck stain to last more than two years, even if you select a high-end product. However, if your climate is harsher, restaining annually could be necessary, particularly if you use your deck often.
Can You Stain a Deck Too Often?
Generally speaking, you can’t restain a deck too often. However, restaining before necessary isn’t ideal and can lead to problems.
You may increase your risk of adhesion issues if the existing stain is intact and you don’t sand first, as the new stain won’t absorb correctly. As a result, peeling or flaking is more likely to occur.
Additionally, restaining too often means you’re spending extra money without getting a noticeable benefit. Plus, staining a deck takes time, particularly if you need to sand before applying the new stain.
Since that’s the case, it’s better to use the timelines above as your guide if you don’t see any signs that the stain isn’t intact. If you notice issues like mold, mildew, fading, discoloration, peeling, or flaking, it’s time to restain and restore the coating.
It’s also important to note that you don’t want to use too much stain during a single application. If the coating is too thick, it won’t dry or absorb correctly. As a result, it may peel or flake faster than it should or look uneven.
Review the manufacturer’s directions regarding proper application. Then, follow them precisely to ensure the stain isn’t applied too heavily.
Should You Restain Your Deck Even If It Looks Fine?
If your deck isn’t showing signs of wear and tear, discoloration, fading, or other issues, you may assume that restaining isn’t necessary. However, if it’s been several years since you last stained, it’s wise to restain your deck, even if it looks fine.
By applying a new stain proactively, you’re ensuring the protection the stain provides remains intact. In turn, you’re less likely to experience issues that can cause damage, such as water absorption, mold, mildew, or UV exposure. That extends the life of your deck, allowing you to avoid costly repairs.
Plus, your deck will continue looking its best if you restain using the recommended schedule. You’ll refresh the color and finish, making your deck more attractive. Along with keeping the space enjoyable, that could help increase your property value.
How Many Times Can You Restain a Deck?
There isn’t a specific number of maximum times you can restain a deck. Generally, the only limiting factors are the condition and thickness of the boards.
In some cases, restaining your deck isn’t enough to address issues you are potentially experiencing. For instance, a new coat of stain won’t repair cracks or make soft boards safer. Instead, you’ll need to replace the damaged areas before staining them to match your deck.
Similarly, if you’ve had to sand your deck repeatedly, the boards may become too thin to sand again safely without damaging their structural integrity. Additionally, if the decking gets too thin, it may not meet local building code requirements.
How thin the deck boards can get and align with code may vary by region. As a result, you’ll want to check with your local building department or research the codes online. If your boards aren’t thick enough, then it’s time for a replacement, not just a restaining.
At this point, you should have a solid idea of how often to stain a deck. On average, it’s best to restain every two to three years, depending on weather conditions and overall climate. However, if you’re seeing signs of wear – like fading, flaking, or discoloration – then it’s best to stain your deck again sooner rather than later.
Did you learn everything you wanted about how often to stain a deck? If so, let us know in the comments section below. Also, if you have a family member or friend with a deck who needs to decide when to restain it, please share the article.